Industrial safety

In order to ensure the Company’s industrial and fire safety:

  • the Safety First rule is observed, with safety placed above other performance indicators;
  • employees receive training and improve their skills and competencies in health and safety;
  • individual and collective responsibility for compliance with health and safety principles is nourished and promoted;
  • each employee is aware of their individual responsibility for compliance with health and safety principles;
  • health and safety risks are managed.

Industrial safety of hazardous facilities

Russian Railways operates 5,805 hazardous facilities, including 582 facilities of hazard class 3 and 5,223 facilities of hazard class 4. None of these facilities reported any accidents in 2021.

In 2021, the Company developed the Risk Management Guidelines for Hazardous Facilities. Risk assessment methods for hazardous facilities set out in the Guidelines enable the Company to substantiate and specifically plan activities on industrial safety in order to reduce accident and non-compliance risks.

Industrial safety

Fire safety

Russian Railways has a fire safety management system aligned with the Company's “to-be” state. Various units within the Company follow a unified approach to fire safety thanks to the efforts of central and regional fire safety commissions. Fire prevention activities at the Company's facilities and rolling stock, along with fire extinguishing in the traffic area, are the responsibility of the Departmental Security Service of the Railroad Transport.

Fire trains

Fire trains are classified as part of a single public system for emergency prevention and response and are engaged by the EMERCOM of Russia in order to extinguish fires across the country. Fire trains are designed for fire extinguishing and ensuring fire safety as part of response to emergencies with hazardous cargos at facilities of structural units of Russian Railways branches, at all types of rolling stock, and in railway infrastructure areas where possible. The rolling stock of fire trains is updated as part of the Fire Safety project.

In 2021, a new fire extinguishing module was launched for an MTSO-2-based fire train.

Emergencies with environmental implications

In 2021, the Company’s infrastructure saw five major emergencies with environmental implications, including:

  • railcar derailment with oil product spills
  • railcar derailment with diesel fuel spills
  • railcar derailment with aviation fuel spills, etc.

Clean-up measures helped to respond to the emergencies as needed. All emergency sites are subject to ongoing laboratory monitoring of water resources and soil, with samples taken and tested on a regular basis.